Vertical Urbanism. Shanghai Tower is designed to embrace and stimulate the life of the city. Yet, instead of parks spread horizontally across the city, the tower provides gathering spaces stacked vertically. These are the innovative sky gardens that set the building apart from any highrise ever built. By emphasizing public space and locating shops, restaurants and urban amenities at the atrium levels, Shanghai Tower provides a new experience for living and working in super tall towers.
Why this shape? Gensler’s design team anticipated that three key strategies—the tower’s asymmetrical form, its tapering profile and its rounded corners—would allow the building to withstand the typhoon-force winds that are common in Shanghai.
Using wind tunnel tests conducted in a Canadian lab, Gensler and structural engineer Thornton Tomasetti refined the tower’s form, which reduced building wind loads by 24 percent. The result is a lighter structure that saved $58 million in costly materials.
The Outer Skin. Constructing a complex building shape that had never before been conceived required the most innovative tools. Designed with 20,000 + curtain wall panels—including more than 7,000 unique shapes—the façade would have been challenging to envision using traditional computer-aided design tools. With parametric software, however, Gensler was able to create a system that balances performance, constructability, maintenance and design. Precise tolerances were achieved by placing lasers on the site to take measurements.
Location: 100 Shi Ji Da Dao, LuJiaZui, Pudong Xinqu, Shanghai Shi, China, 200120
Project Year: 2015
Photographs: Gensler/Shen Zhonghai
Client: Shanghai Tower Construction & Development Co., Ltd
Owner: Shanghai Tower Construction & Development Co., Ltd.
Architect of Record: Architectural Design & Research Institute of Tongji University (Group) Co., Ltd.
Interior designer: Gensler (Retail, Public Space)
Engineers (structural, civil, mechanical, etc )
Structural: Thornton Tomasetti; MEP: Cosentini; Wind Tunnel Testing: Rowan Williams Davies & Irwin (RWDI)
Vertical Transportation: Edgett Williams Consulting Group, Inc. (EWCG)
Fire Protection and Life Safety: RJA Fire Protection Technology Consulting (RJA)
Building Façade: Aurecon Engineer Consulting (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.(Aurecon)
Lighting: PHA /Tower; BPI/ Podium, Crown and Interior
Parking: Walker Parking Consultants
General Contractor: Shanghai Construction Group (SCG)
Steel Structure Construction: Shanghai Mechanized Construction Corporation Ltd.,(SMCC)
Curtain Wall Contractor: Yuanda (Exterior curtain wall); Jiangho (interior curtain wall); Lingyun(Podium curtain wall)
Structural System: Super Column-Concrete Core-Outrigger
Total Above Grade: 380,000 m2
Below Grade: 196,000 m2
Total Project Cost: $2.2 Billion
Total Construction Cost: $1.54 Billion